Automated Driving

      Overview

      Driving as if by magic: A vision comes closer to reality

      Scarcely any other topic moves motorists and the automotive industry as much as the vision of a vehicle that manages without a driver. We have already made good progress towards this goal: Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) developed by IAV perform many tasks for the driver, and our test vehicles are already capable of completing long distances largely without driver intervention.

      The next few years will already see new functions in mass-produced vehicles to make traffic safer while driving itself becomes an even more pleasant experience.

      IAV is one of the leading companies in the field of automated and autonomous driving: we have been developing the technology for more than 15 years now, putting it through its paces in test vehicles. As new solutions become standard features in mass-produced vehicles, you can be sure that many are full of know-how by IAV.

      • IAV Expertise in Autonomous Renault SYMBIOZ Demo Car

         IAV is assisting Renault on the path towards autonomous driving. The French manufacturer’s Renault SYMBIOZ demo car vehicle is using the experience and expertise of its Berlin-based engineering partner to illustrate the new technology’s potential.

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      • Heading to the Future in the Highly Automated Shuttle

        As part of the OTS 1.0 research project, IAV is developing an autonomous people carrier to provide mobility in tomorrow’s metropolises

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      • Reaching the Goal Together

        Over 130 ago Carl Benz' motorcar paved the way to today’s motorized individual transport. The structures that have grown since then are facing radical upheaval because highly automated driving functions in autonomous vehicles are not only

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      • “The Best of Both Worlds”

        IAV and Microsoft are working together on implementing the vision of the connected vehicle and thinking ahead. For this purpose, Microsoft is providing its Azure cloud platform which IAV

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      • On the Way to Level 5

        Modern driver assist systems, like autonomous cruise control and parking assistance, can intervene in steering, acceleration and deceleration even today. Some test vehicles are already 

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      • Highly Automated Vehicle System on the Way to Real-World Application

        Highly automated vehicles that drive to their destination without any action on the part of the driver will soon become part of everyday street life. One of the biggest technical challenges

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      • To Drive Or To Be Driven?

        Today already, autonomous driving is technically possible and will soon become part of everyday life. In conurbation areas in particular, this technology brings new mobility possibilities and could

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      • Highly Automated Driving: Both Safe and Comfortable

        Highly automated driving is one of the most important innovations in the automotive industry. Many OEMs, component suppliers, IT companies and startups are working on solutions

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      Levels of Driving Automation

      Step-by-step towards the autonomous vehicle

      There are several levels of driving automation. The levels differ according to which functions the vehicle performs autonomously and how much attention the driver still needs to pay to the traffic situation. Today, most cars are on level 2, with ADAS functions such as adaptive cruise control supporting the driver. But IAV is already running level-4 test vehicles that can move through road traffic largely without any human intervention. Completely new mobility concepts will result in autonomous vehicles without the need of a driver that can be used, for example, to transport passengers in the urban context as driverless taxis.

      The first highly automated cars could be launched in the near future. Most of the technical challenges have already been solved; nor are there any fundamental hindrances in terms of legislation and regulations anymore. Highly automated driving has meanwhile been permitted by the Vienna Convention, on condition that that there is still a human behind the steering wheel to take over control of the vehicle if necessary. The new technology is also a prerequisite for achieving the EU's ambitious "Vision Zero" target, according to which there should be no more road fatalities by 2050.

      Experts are expecting to see fully autonomous cars on suitable roads between 2025 and 2030. Here too, IAV will be playing a major role in driving technical developments, with its proprietary projects already demonstrating that the company is one of the leading innovators in the field. And that's how it should stay.

      Chart: Levels of Driving Automation (Dowload PDF)

      More than 15 Years of Experience

      IAV is one of the pioneers in the field of automated vehicles

      For more than fifteen years, IAV has been developing vehicles that have become increasingly autonomous and are meanwhile nearly ready for mass production. The latest prototypes are already covering longer distances on the motorway – between Chemnitz and Dresden, for example. Driving between the two cities is not normally a big deal – unless the driver can take his hands off the wheel almost during the entire trip. But that is exactly what the IAV development engineers do: They regularly complete the approx. 70-kilometer journey in a highly automated prototype. All the driver needs to do is to observe traffic and intervene in an emergency. Everything else is done by the vehicle itself.

      There are more challenges to be met in the urban context, particularly when the vehicle approaches traffic lights on a multi-lane road. The technical task consists in achieving 100% certainty in detecting which traffic light is relevant for the vehicle's lane. There are two ways of doing this: either all traffic lights are scanned precisely to allocate them unequivocally to a specific lane. Or the vehicles communicate with the surrounding infrastructure (Car-2-X communication) – an approach that IAV has already investigated in Braunschweig with the German Aerospace Center (DLR).

      IAV gained initial experience with automated driving functions back in 2003 when the company presented a test vehicle that automatically kept in lane. The engineers then turned their attention to automated parking with the aid of rear view cameras. In 2007, our colleagues joined forces with Braunschweig University of Technology to take part in the DARPA Urban Challenge, when their Team Caroline was already up among the leaders in the race between autonomous vehicles. More recently, automated and autonomous driving has been increasingly in the focus of attention, for example at the CES trade show in Las Vegas, where IAV presented its latest developments and cooperation projects with the IT world to an international audience. Visitors to the trade show were even able to go on test drives through the streets of Las Vegas in an IAV test vehicle.

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